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What is Media Literacy

Online Resources

This is just a small selection of resources we found useful in our work.  

Our work centered around Media Literacy and the Interlochen 5.  As it is still a work in progress, continue to check this guide for additional updates.

Topics in Media Literacy

Confirmation Bias is the tendency to look for information that supports, rather than rejects, one’s preconceptions, typically by interpreting evidence to confirm existing beliefs while rejecting or ignoring any conflicting data (American Psychological Association)

What is Disinformation?

False information which is intended to mislead, especially propaganda issued by a government organization to a rival power or the media. (Oxford Dictionaries)

What is Misinformation?

Misinformation is false or inaccurate information, especially that which is deliberately intended to deceive (Oxford Dictionaries). However as opposed to disinformation, misinformation can sometimes be shared innocently without the intention of deception.

Seven types of mis/disinformation

Satire or Parody - Content has no intention to cause harm but has potential to fool.

False Connection - Headlines or visuals don't support assertions of content.

Misleading Content - Misleading use of information to frame an issue or individual.

False Context - Genuine content is shared with false contextual information.

Imposter Content - Genuine sources are impersonated.

Manipulated Content - Genuine information is manipulated in order to deceive.

Fabricated Content - New content is false and is designed to deceive and do harm.

Rate your own Bias is a tool that encourages users to explore and check their own biases. Click here to get started.

How to Spot Fake News


According to Pew Research Center report, most of us get our news from social media. Social media news feeds use algorithms to show us posts that align with our opinions and interests. That means we usually see news articles that confirm our own viewpoints. This phenomenon is called the "filter bubble."

More resources on the role of Social Media

Image Source:

What is a Bot?

Twitter bots are automated user accounts that interact with Twitter using an application programming interface (API). These bots can be programmed to perform tasks normally associated with human interaction, including follow users, favor tweets, direct message (DM) other users and, most importantly, they can tweet content, and retweet anything posted by a specific set of users or featuring a specific hashtag. (Symantec Enterprise)

How to Spot a bot.

There's multiple criteria to judge whether a particular Twitter account is a bot.  Read about them here and learn to recognize some key telltale signs such as:

  • Activity – How many posts per day have been generated by the account? The Oxford Internet Institute’s Computational Propaganda team views an average of more than 50 posts a day as suspicious.
  • Suspicious patterns of likes/retweets – very high numbers of likes/retweets vs. original posts, often in quantities that are very close.
  • High number of account followers, low number of account follows.

Source: Atlantic Council's Digital Forensic Research Lab

Bot Check Tools

Not sure if you're dealing with a bot or an actual person? Try these tools:


Twitter Audit

Bot Sentinel


NOTE: There is no foolproof bot detection app as of yet; the above tools may yield false positives or negatives over time. Use your best judgment!

What is a Troll?

Internet trolling is a behavior in which users post derogatory or false messages in a public forum such as a message board, newsgroup or social media. The purpose of trolling is to provoke others into displaying emotional responses or to normalize tangential discussion either for amusement or personal gain.

Sources: PC Magazine online encyclopediaCollins English Dictionary

Image source: Wesley college

Advice for parents on how to deal with Trolls and cyberbullying:

1. No response- If you post a follow-up message, you are contributing to the resulting clamor and most likely delighting the troller. (Source- Indiana University)

2. Let your child know they can tell you anything

3. Be involved in your child’s online life – don’t leave them alone online

4. Bring kindness back to the Internet

Learn More: Wesley College,

Watch: Example of internet Trolling below:

Team Members

PLC Members

Clyde Sheets

Chase Erwin

Elizabeth Nelson

Joshua Aldorisio

Leland Parsons

Toni Manning

Carla Gipson

Tejas Mehta

Assessment for Media Literacy


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