This is just a small selection of resources we found useful in our work.
Our work centered around Media Literacy and the Interlochen 5. As it is still a work in progress, continue to check this guide for additional updates.
Confirmation Bias is the tendency to look for information that supports, rather than rejects, one’s preconceptions, typically by interpreting evidence to confirm existing beliefs while rejecting or ignoring any conflicting data (American Psychological Association)
What is Disinformation?
False information which is intended to mislead, especially propaganda issued by a government organization to a rival power or the media. (Oxford Dictionaries)
Misinformation is false or inaccurate information, especially that which is deliberately intended to deceive (Oxford Dictionaries). However as opposed to disinformation, misinformation can sometimes be shared innocently without the intention of deception.
Seven types of mis/disinformation
Satire or Parody - Content has no intention to cause harm but has potential to fool.
False Connection - Headlines or visuals don't support assertions of content.
Misleading Content - Misleading use of information to frame an issue or individual.
False Context - Genuine content is shared with false contextual information.
Imposter Content - Genuine sources are impersonated.
Manipulated Content - Genuine information is manipulated in order to deceive.
Fabricated Content - New content is false and is designed to deceive and do harm.
Rate your own Bias is a tool that encourages users to explore and check their own biases. Click here to get started.
Twitter bots are automated user accounts that interact with Twitter using an application programming interface (API). These bots can be programmed to perform tasks normally associated with human interaction, including follow users, favor tweets, direct message (DM) other users and, most importantly, they can tweet content, and retweet anything posted by a specific set of users or featuring a specific hashtag. (Symantec Enterprise)
There's multiple criteria to judge whether a particular Twitter account is a bot. Read about them here and learn to recognize some key telltale signs such as:
Bot Check Tools
Not sure if you're dealing with a bot or an actual person? Try these tools:
NOTE: There is no foolproof bot detection app as of yet; the above tools may yield false positives or negatives over time. Use your best judgment!
Internet trolling is a behavior in which users post derogatory or false messages in a public forum such as a message board, newsgroup or social media. The purpose of trolling is to provoke others into displaying emotional responses or to normalize tangential discussion either for amusement or personal gain.
Image source: Wesley college
1. No response- If you post a follow-up message, you are contributing to the resulting clamor and most likely delighting the troller. (Source- Indiana University)
2. Let your child know they can tell you anything
3. Be involved in your child’s online life – don’t leave them alone online
4. Bring kindness back to the Internet
Watch: Example of internet Trolling below: